Periodontal diseases affect the tissues that support the teeth (gums and bones).
The most common symptoms are: redness, swelling, bleeding, or receding gums, tenderness, or mobility of the teeth. In the advanced state, the teeth may fall out.
The most common risk factors are: poor dental hygiene, smoking, and genetic factors.
The best way to prevent these diseases is to maintain correct oral hygiene daily, by correctly brushing the teeth and using interdental cleaning elements (dental floss and/or inter-proximal brushes) with the consequent routine visits to the dental clinic. The dentist can thoroughly cleanse the patient’s teeth to remove any tartar accumulated below the gums. The maintenance phase is the most important and depends on the dental hygiene habits that the patient develops. Time will tell the patient’s needs and if the problem continues, the possibility of periodontal surgery may be studied. The periodontic speciality sometimes, but not always, helps you get a beautiful smile.